Flooring (carpet, tile, hardwood, luxury vinyl)

Wood Floor Refinishing & Recoating Process

There are several steps involved in the process of refinishing and recoating, and many depend on the particular home and flooring situation. The following are the basic steps involved:

  1. Screening the Floor
    Not all floors can be screened, so this step may or may not be on the list for a particular flooring project. If the floor in question qualifies, though, this step could be the only one necessary before applying a new coat of polyurethane finish on the floors.

    Screens are clog-resistant sanding disks, and the process of screening removes the floor finish without cutting into the wood itself. This step should only be done on a floor with a non-waxed polyurethane finish floor.

    Screening can only occur when the floor’s finish is worn, scratched or dull, but the wood beneath has not been damaged or stained. This process is also called buffing and tends to cost around $1 to $2 per square foot, totaling $200 to $250 to complete a slightly worn room measuring 15×15 feet, or 225 square feet.

  2. Sanding the Wood
    When there is a wax coating on top of the floor’s polyurethane finish or when the wood underneath the finish has been damaged or stained, the finish must be sanded down. During this step, the existing finish on top of the hardwood floors is sanded down to just bare wood. Though it’s possible for homeowners to rent a sander and take on this step themselves, the risk of leaving large gouges in the floor is relatively high for a DIY project. This task is best left to the professionals.

  3. Staining the Hardwood
    This step might not be required if the color of the hardwood floors is already fine. If homeowners desire a different hardwood floor color or tone, though, it’s time to call in a professional to stain the floor. This step generally requires several applications in addition to sanding in between coats. This typically adds time and cost to the overall project.

  4. Finishing or Coating
    The most common finish is polyurethane, which resists nearly everything and can withstand heavy traffic. Both types of polyurethane finish are durable but have a few distinct differences. An oil-based finish will turn an amber color over time, while a water-based finish will remain clear, keeping the wood the same color over time.

    Water-based finish dries faster, which can be a bonus if there’s a time restriction or deadline. This type of finish cannot be worked on when wet, though, so hardwood professionals must take care not to make mistakes when working with water-based finishes. Oil-based finish takes around 24 hours to dry, and it’s easy to fix mistakes along the way with this type of finish. A final distinction is the cost. Water-based polyurethane runs around $40 to $ 165.00 per gallon, while oil-based polyurethane is around $25 to $ 35.00 per gallon.

    Other options for finish are water and acid-cured. Water-based finishes are more eco-friendly with low odors and VOCs, but they are not as durable as other finishes. An acid-cured finish leaves an exceptionally tough coating through a two-part process. A bonus for the acid-cured finish is that it dries extremely fast, so it’s possible to apply two coats in a single day. Most brands of acid-cured finish produce a volatile odor that forces homeowners to leave the home until the project is finished, in addition to avoiding using light switches and turning off pilot lights.

Extra Enhancements

From finish quality to hardwood type, several factors can increase the cost of refinishing hardwood floors. Here are some of the most common factors that increase the cost of a refinishing project:

  • Exotic wood: If the floors are made from exotic lumber, expect to pay a premium price since exotic floors are more difficult to work with. For instance, some exotic woods will have extreme reactions when their moisture levels change, while others can burnish during sanding because of their hardness. Other exotic woods’ dust can make people physically ill and therefore must be handled with extreme and expert care.

  • Increased square footage: Of course, the more square feet included in a project, the more it will cost. The cost of refinishing an average 15×15 (225 square feet) room is $340 to $900, costing anywhere from $1.50 to $5.50 per square foot.

  • Quality of previous finish: The finish that is currently on the hardwood floors can be a major factor in the work required to refinish or recoat the floors. A project originally imagined as a recoating project only can become a more involved refinishing project if the coating currently on them is low quality.

  • Stairs: Refinishing stairs costs extra, generally $45 to $95 per step.


$170.00 can save your floor!  ($20 Hygrometer & $150 Humidifier)

It does not matter – Solid 3/4″ or Engineered flooring, regardless it is all about acclimation & humidification. 

Every homeowner with a hardwood floor should have a $20 digital temperature gauge with a hygrometer and a humidifier on HVAC System.

You are in charge of the final outcome … 

SEARS – Model # 15430 (14 gallon handles a 2900 sf home) or Larger model.

All Flooring Manufactures, in the USA and Brazilian, strongly recommend customers keep their internal relative humidity between 40-50% at all times.  This is to help prevent the gapping and shrinkage caused due to dryness from your hot forced air (HVAC system) The variations in internal humidity (loss of moisture) will dry out your entire house and all wood products will be effected.

If you need to add humidity to your home, you may want to consider a 14 Gallon Humidifier model like:


Top Ten Reasons to Add a Humidifier to Your Home

Adding a humidifier to your home – especially during the dry winter months – offers a host of benefits. When you live in a dry climate or have a cold and dry winter, you and the things in your home can suffer various ill effects from the dry air. Indoor air, especially in winter, can have humidity levels at around 10 percent, but the ideal humidity level for your home is about 30-40 percent. Here are the top ten benefits to humidified air:

Prevent Illness
Humidity allows tiny hairs in the nose to move and do their job of filtering out bacteria and viruses to prevent colds and flu. Added humidity can also help prevent bloody noses.  

Treat Illness
Air moistened with a humidifier can help soothe some symptoms of colds or flu, including irritation of nasal passages, the throat and bronchial tubes, helping you breath and sleep easier. 

Protect Furnishings
Wood furniture and flooring responds negatively to too much or too little moisture in the air. Too little moisture can cause wood to split and crack. Adding a humidifier to any room with wood furniture can help preserve the integrity of the wood.

Preserve Your Voice
Vocal cords need to be supple and well lubricated in order to vibrate and produce the best sounds. Dehydration, viruses and sometimes eating the wrong thing can cause you to lose your singing, and even your speaking, voice. Keeping the air moist, especially while you sleep, can help you get it back.

Moisturize Your Skin 
The heat blasting through your home during the winter months can leave skin tight, dry and itchy, especially skin on your hands, which has fewer oil glands. Lips also seem to chap more often and more easily in winter. A humidifier can help keep them moist.

Create Warmth
A humidifier will not only fight the dry skin that usually accompanies winter, it will also make your home feel warmer. The more moisture that is in the air, the warmer it will feel. Air with a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit and 10 percent humidity will feel like 67 degrees, but with 50 percent humidity, it will feel like it is 69 degrees.

Reduce Snoring 
Low moisture levels in your nose and soft palate can increase snoring, so staying hydrated can be a big help. That includes drinking plenty of water, of course, but adding moisture to the air with a humidifier can also fight off dryness that can lead to snoring.

Control Static Electricity 
One sure sign of winter is the first time you pet the cat and get a jarring jolt of static electricity, or when you find the latest missing sock stuck to someone’s shirt or pants. Dealing with an entirely different hairstyle also is no picnic. A humidifier can lessen the potential for static electricity during the winter months.

Lessen Electronics Shock
Added static electricity in your home is annoying, and a little comical, but the very real danger to electronic equipment, including your computer, is decidedly unfunny. The chance of significant damage is minimal, unless you happen to have your computer open at the time – to add RAM, a sound card, or any similar task. The risk is considerable in that case. You could end up with a dead board or other less obvious damage.

Hydrate Plant Life
Many species of indoor plants originally came from tropical climates with high humidity. Indoor air in many climates, especially in winter, does not offer adequate humidity for the plants to thrive. This will become apparent when leaves get brown at the tips or when they die altogether. Adding a humidifier to a room will make a difference for many plants.

Adding humidity to your home can have many positive impacts. It is a balancing act though. Too much moisture in the air can encourage the growth of organisms, including dust mites. Monitoring moisture levels and regular maintenance of your humidifier can ensure you get all of the benefits of moistened air without the risks.

We also recommend using a hygrometer to measure humidity.

Solution: You are in charge of the final outcome …

Every homeowner with a hardwood floor should have a $20 digital temperature gauge with a hygrometer. A hygrometer will give you a read out that will measure relative humidity. 

Every homeowner with a hardwood floor should have a $150.00 portable humidifier. 

If the hygrometer reads lower than 40% add moisture. If gaps start to occur in your flooring add moisture.

This can be accomplished by adding water and turning on your humidifier.